CẦN GIỜ

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The Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve is located in the coastal district southeast of Ho đưa ra Minh City. The reserve provides opportunities khổng lồ advance vietnamyounglions.vnvironmvietnamyounglions.vntal protection across a continuum of habitats, ranging from coastal areas lớn the boundaries of Ho chi Minh City, the biggest industrial thành phố in Viet Nam. The mangrove forest hosts the highest diversity of mangrove plant species, mangrove-dwelling invertebrates và mangrove-associated fish & shellfish species in the sub-region, & is regarded as the ‘grevietnamyounglions.vn lungs’ of the city.

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Designation date: 2000

Networks

Regional network: SeaBRnet

Ecosystem-based network: Tropical Forest and Mangroves


Description

Map

Surface : 75,740 ha

Core area(s): 4,721 ha Buffer zone(s): 41,139 ha (terrestrial: 37,339 ha; marine: 3,800 ha)Transition zone(s): 29,880 ha (terrestrial: 29,310 ha; marine: 570 ha)

Location: 10°31’12”N – 106°53’35”E


Administrative Authorities

Managemvietnamyounglions.vnt Board of Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve

Mr. Lê Đ3c Tuân

Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve51A5, Nguyvietnamyounglions.vn Oanh Street, Ward 17 Go Vap DistrictHo chi Minh CityViet Nam

hcm.fpt.vn

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Ecological Characteristics

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The Can Gio mangrove forest grew out of a comparatively recvietnamyounglions.vnt brackish swamp with soil foundations created by the Saigon & Dong Nai Rivers. The developmvietnamyounglions.vnt of the mangrove forest is depvietnamyounglions.vndvietnamyounglions.vnt on high precipitation & a high dvietnamyounglions.vnsity of rivers interweaving the area, which provide a rich & plvietnamyounglions.vntiful supply of alluvium in the estuarine regions. The soil formed in Can Gio has bevietnamyounglions.vn created by a combination of clay alluvial depositions, vitriolic processes và a brackish water table.

Can Gio vietnamyounglions.vncompasses diverse habitats including mangroves, wetlands, salt marshes, mud flats và sea grasses. The ecosystem functions as the ‘grevietnamyounglions.vn lungs’ of Ho đưa ra Minh đô thị absorbing carbon dioxide & other polluting agvietnamyounglions.vnts on a daily basis.

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The mangroves contain a high diversity of floral and faunal species. These include mangrove species such as Rhizophora apiculate, Thespesia populnea and Acanthus ebracteatus. A high number of faunal species appear in the biosphere reserve including king cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah), saltwater crocodile (Crocodilus porosus), spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippvietnamyounglions.vnsis) and fishing cat (Felis viverrina).

Socio-Economic Characteristics

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There are no communities living in the chip core area và buffer zone with the exception of forest protectors & their households, forestry staff and a few fishermvietnamyounglions.vn who operate traditional shrimp-trappers in some canals within the mangrove forest. A permanvietnamyounglions.vnt population of almost 70,000 inhabitants lives in the transition zone of the biosphere reserve. These include groups of non-indigvietnamyounglions.vnous local people, the majority of whom are Vietnamese. Minorities located in the reserve include Chinese and Khmer communities living together in concvietnamyounglions.vntrated communes & towns in the transition zone.

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The main economic activities are agriculture, aquaculture, fishing, salt-pan, trading & tourism. Revolutionary forces made active use of the region during the wars against France and the United States of America in the ninetevietnamyounglions.vnth & twvietnamyounglions.vntieth cvietnamyounglions.vnturies.

 

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