5 OF SAIGON'S OLDEST TEMPLES

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Khanh Van nam Vien Taoist Temple in Ho bỏ ra Minh đô thị is one of the biggest Taoist temples in South Vietnam. It hosts Three teachings (three religions including Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism). This mysterious temple has played an important part in the religious life of the Chinese and Vietnamese communities in Saigon for nearly 100 years.

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General information about Khanh Van phái nam Vien Taoist Temple in Ho bỏ ra Minh City

Location: 269 Nguyen Thi Nho Street, Ward 16, District 11, Ho bỏ ra Minh City. CLICK HERE to lớn see the location of the temple.

Total area: 2,000 m2

Year of establishment: 1936


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Nguyen Thi Nho Street, with many stores, is always busy by day. In the photo, the pink concrete fence of the temple is decorated with white ornamental pillars.


Name of Khanh Van nam Vien

The full name of this temple is Trà đánh Khánh Vân nam giới Viện (Tra Son Khanh Van phái nam Vien). Vietnamese people usually hotline it miếu Khánh Vân or miếu Khánh Vân nam giới Viện. In English, it is usually called Khanh Van Pagoda, Khanh Van phái nam Vien Pagoda, Khanh Van nam Vien Temple, Khanh Van phái nam Vien Taoist Temple. “Khánh Vân” refers to five-color clouds which deities in Taoism ride and enjoy outings.

Some people may have been confused. In Vietnam, pagodas refer khổng lồ religious sites organized by Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam (Giáo Hội Phật Giáo Việt Nam), recognized by the Vietnamese government. Pagodas more specifically refer to Hindu and Buddhist worshipping places. Khanh Van phái nam Vien was originally a Taoist Temple. In recent, the religion at the temple is a mix of Taoism, Buddhism & Confucianism and it is under the management of Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam. So that it is known as a pagoda.

The temple is the place of worship for Lü Dongbin (Lu Dong Tan, Lu To, Ancestor Lu) – one of the eight deities in Chinese và Vietnamese folk religion. So that local people usually điện thoại tư vấn it chùa Lữ Tổ (Lu lớn Pagoda) or chùa Ông Tiên (Male Deity Pagoda).

Origin & History

In 1934, twelve Taoist monks of Nam nhì Tra Son Khanh Van Dong in Nanhai District, Guangdong Province, đài loan trung quốc went khổng lồ Hongkong. In 1936, three of them arrived in Vietnam and introduced Taoism to the Chinese community in Saigon Cholon (Saigon trung quốc Town).

The first Taoist temple named Toan Khanh Duong was located in a house on Tran Hung Dao Street. The house was too small when the number of Taoist monks increased.

In the 1930s, Khanh Van nam giới Vien Taoist Temple in Ho đưa ra Minh đô thị was built after Nam nhì Tra Son Khanh Van Dong in Nanhai District, Guangdong Province, China.

Until 2020, the temple has more than 2,000 believers (followers). The priests include Tran Khai Minh (1936-1943), Au Dieu Duyen (1944-1968), Chau Viem (1968-2013), Chau Hue Bang (2013-now).

Before 1950, all Taoist monks were from Nanhai, Guangdong, China. Later, Teochew, Fujianese và Vietnamese people living in Saigon have become Taoists.

Design, Architecture và Worship

The kiến thiết of Khanh Van nam giới Vien Taoist is similar khổng lồ Nam nhì Tra Son Khanh Van Dong in China. The temple is designed lớn have gates, a yard, two floors.

There are three gates: the thee-entrance main gate, left side gate & right side gate.

In the main hall on the ground floor, Three kings (Tam đế) referring to Guanyin (Quan âm), Wenchang Wang (Văn Xương Đế Quân), Guan Yu (Quan Thánh Đế Quân), Lü Dongbin (Lu Dong Tan, Lữ Đồng Tân) are worshiped on the main altar in the middle. On the left altar, Hua Tuo (Hoa đà) is worshiped, the right altar is for worshipping Wong Tai Sin (Hoàng đại tiên).

On the second floor, Laozi (Lão tử), Gautama Buddha (Phật tổ), Kṣitigarbha (Địa tạng), are worshiped.

Nam hai Tra Son Khanh Van Dong in trung quốc has the second floor where lớn worship Jade Emperor. The second floor does not exist in Khanh Van nam giới Vien Taoist Temple in Ho đưa ra Minh City.

Gates


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The main gate has three entrances, three curved roofs in green color, Hulu và two carps are placed on the vị trí cao nhất of the middle roof. The gate is supported by four pillars with Chinese characters. The signboard read the name of the temple in Chinese.


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The spacious front yard has lots of old green trees, a clumping bamboo next to the fence. The main gate is close on normal days, the left hand is xuất hiện for visitors.


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On the red wall in the yard, there is a Bagua – the symbol of Taoism.


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From the front yard, visitors can see the red facade of Khanh Van nam Vien Taoist Temple in Ho chi Minh City. There are three entrances to the main hall on the ground floor.


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The main entrance lớn the main hall, Chinese characters, two big lanterns which are popular at Chinese pagodas and temples in Saigon.

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Passing the main entrance, visitors will see “viện” where Huyền Môn hộ pháp vương vãi đại thiên quân – the general protecting Taoism is placed. He is worshiped in a glass & wooden house. On two sides there are two panels on which parallel sentences in Chinese are carved. An incense burner & two candle holders are in front of the small house.


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The main hall on the ground floor has three wooden altars which are decorated colorfully with embroidered curtains, fans, umbrellas with dragon và phoenix patterns. Red & yellow colors dominate the main hall.


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On the middle altar in the main hall, the statue of Lü Dongbin (Lu Dong Tan, Lữ Đồng Tân) is placed in front of the statues of Three kings (Tam đế) who are Guanyin (Quan âm), Wenchang Wang (Văn Xương Đế Quân), Guan Yu (Quan Thánh Đế Quân). Lü Dongbin has been believed khổng lồ be good at using swords, go around in order lớn kill demons, bring peace to lớn the world. He is worshiped as Dream Interpretation God, Contest God, Gold (Metal) Digging God, Hair Stylist Ancestor, God of Wealth, in Vietnam.


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Hua Tuo (Hoa đà) on the left altar và Wong Tai Sin (Hoàng đại tiên) on the right altar. Hua Tuo (c. 140 – 208) was a Chinese physician and known as the first person in china to use anaesthesia during surgery. In Taoism, he is considered as a shenyi or divine physician và is worshipped as a medicinal god or immortal.Wong Tai Sin (c. 284 lớn 364 CE) is a Taoist deity, his name means Great Immortal Wong. He is said to have experienced poverty & hunger, becoming a shepherd when he was eight years old. He had practiced Taoism since he was fifthteen years old. In Taoism, he is known và worshiped as the Red Pine Immortal.


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Seven-flame paraffin lamps.


Warmest Greetings to All from Tracy Do! If you have any questions about Vietnam including Vietnam tours, vì not hesitate to liên hệ me.

Tel (Call/SMS/Whatsapp): (+84) 909190247

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The beautiful marble staircase leads to the first floor. The light well was designed khổng lồ bring more natural lights & fresh air to the halls & rooms in the temple.


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The altar where Laozi (Lão tử) is worshiped on the second floor. He is the Chinese philosopher who found the philosophical system of Taoism.


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Bodhisattva Kṣitigarbha (Địa tạng) altar.


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Gautama Buddha (Phật tổ) altar.


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Guanyin altar covered with yellow embroidered cloth with Chinese characters, lotus, dragon & phoenix patterns; book cabinet with glass door, parallel sentences and horizontal panel with Chinese characters, painting depicting the life of Buddha Gautama.


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Guanyin statues in different positions, with different outfits và gestures.


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Three teachings (Tam giáo đồng nguyên) at Khanh Van nam Vien

Three teachings (Tam giáo đồng nguyên) refer to lớn Confucianism, Taoism, và Buddhism harmonious as one. This concept is very popular in Asian countries including Vietnam.

In the pagoda are worshipped Guanyin (Quan Âm) in Buddhism, Taoist Three Kings including Lü Dongbin (Lu Dong Tan, Lữ Đồng Tân), quan Yu (Quan Vũ), Wenchang Wang (Văn Xương Đế Quân).

Artworks

All horizontal and vertical wooden carved panels (hoành phi, liễn) & parallel sentences (câu đối) at Khanh Van phái mạnh Vien were made & written by famous artists & calligraphy masters. On the gate of the main hall, there is a pair of vertical wooden carved panels since 1924. “Khánh Vân nhà biệt thự Toàn Khánh Đường – nam Hải Trà sơn Khánh Vân Động” was carved on the horizontal wooden carved panel since May 1940.


Library and antique books

Rare ancient Taoist books in Chinese have been stored in the library for nearly 100 years. Daoshis have kept traditional characteristics of the religion. Taoist books have been sent from trung quốc and Taoist monks at the temple practice according to the books.


Activities at Khanh Van phái nam Vien Taoist Temple

Lü Dongbin, Guan Yu và Jade Emperor’s birthday celebrations

Many other celebrations và festivals have been held in Taoist style. Celebrating the birthday of Lu Dong rã – one of the eight deities in Vietnamese folk religion on 14th April of the lunar calendar is an annual activity at Khanh Van phái nam Vien Taoist Temple. In addition, the two big celebrations at this temple include Guan Yu’s birthday celebration on 24th June of the lunar calendar and Jade Emperor’s birthday celebration on 9th January in the lunar calendar.

Charity activities

Doing charity work is one of the highlights of the pagoda & it is also one of the pagoda’s original purposes. The pagoda has built nursing homes for elderly homeless individuals, opened clinics for examining & treating poor patients, built houses for poor people, distributed không tính tiền rice.

Ceremonial musical band

Ceremonial musical band with members who are able to lớn play trumpets, drums, gongs, flutes, (đàn cò), plucked zither (đàn tranh), Vietnamese hammered dulcimer (tam thập lục), moon lute (đàn nguyệt), phèn la, etc. They are specialists in Taoist music. Each thành viên practices every day, they meet & play together once a month.

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Publishing books

On 23rd May 2013, the temple introduced the book “Khanh Van nam giới Vien Ho đưa ra Minh city – Vietnam” about history and donation list.